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Difference Between Yin and Yang

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Yin and yang are two of the universal energies that the Chinese philosophy holds faith in for achieving a prosperous life. However, people often get confused, setting them apart.

What are the differences between Yin and Yang?

Although both Yin and Yang operate as a pair, there exists a considerable gap. The principle difference between Yin and Yang is that the former is feminine in nature while the latter is masculine.

Also, Yin is represented by black color; on the other hand, white denotes Yang. Besides, there are a number of other factors which play a differentiating role. In case you want to learn more about them, follow along.

What is Yin?

In Chinese Philosophy, Yin is a form of energy representing all the passive feminine principles in the universe. It is generally denoted by black color and attributes to all sorts of cold elements like the moonlight, darkness, and more.

What is Yang?

To put it in simple words, Yang is the male counterpart of Yin. Just how Yin represents all the feminine aspects, Yang represents the masculine elements of the world. The color white denotes it. As already mentioned, Yin is a state of energy, while Yang is more like a physical body.

Yin and Yang
Yin and Yang

Differences Between Yin and Yang

Literal Translation

Yin translates to the “shady side of the hill,” while the same for Yang is the “sunny side of the hill.”


Scrolling along the books of Chinese philosophy will make you understand that Yin bears the feminine principle of nature; on the contrary, Yang holds down the masculine principle of nature.


Yin’s culture is entirely conservationist. In other words, Yin rests more on the engaging end rather than being interrupting. Yang is entirely the opposite. It features more intervention.

Mental State

Yin is said to hold down a subtle approach towards any situation. At the same time, Yang has nothing to deal with an individual’s emotional state.

Energy Representation

As already mentioned, Yin holds down the feminine principle of nature. For that very reason, it represents all sorts of energy-related to the feminine gender, which includes the night, darkness, lightness, and softness. On the other hand, Yang resembles male energy like sun, day, and more.

Nature of the Energy

Yin is all about internal energy. Yang is more tending towards external energy.

Color Representation

Black is the color of Yin, while the same for Yang is white.

Season Representation

Yin represents the beginning of the summer solstice. At the same time, Yang represents the initiation of the winter solstice.

State of Force

Creating an inward movement, the force of Yang is solid in nature, while Yin force is generally broken all because it creates outward movement.


Yin symbolizes the elements which are passive, dark, and mysterious. On the other hand, Yang reflects the clear, light, active, and openness in everything.

Suitable For

Bearing an engaging nature, Yin fits perfectly to work inside the organization. Yang is better outside as it is more aggressive in nature.

Mode of Communication

Yin represents the mode of communication through images. Yang believes in the literal mode of communication.

yin and yang in communication

Overall Nature

Yin is negative, while Yang is positive.

Comparison Chart: Yin Vs Yang

Literal TranslationShady side of the hillSunny side of the hill
DefinitionFeminine principle of natureMasculine principle of nature
Mental StateSubtleDoesn’t deal with emotional state
Energy RepresentationEverything related to feminine nature like night, darkness, lightness, and softnessEverything related to masculine nature including sun, moon, and more
Nature of EnergyInternal energyExternal energy (Physical Body)
Color RepresentationBlackWhite
Season RepresentationBeginning of summer solsticeBeginning of winter solstice
State of ForceBroken (outward movement)Solid (inward movement)
AttributesPassive, dark, and mysteriousClear, light, active, and openness
Suitable ForWork inside the organizationWork outside the organization
Mode of CommunicationThrough imagesThrough words
Overall NatureNegativePositive

Similarities: How is Yin similar to Yang?

There is no denying the fact that Yin and Yang differ from each other in multiple aspects. However, one feature that sits common in both is that neither can exist in isolation. In simple words, Yin and Yang act as a pair and operate in the form of a couple.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is good, Yin Vs. Yang?

According to Chinese philosophy, neither Yin nor Yang is bad. The thing is that both embed different nature altogether. While Yin is feminine in nature with all sorts of internal energy, Yang is more about external energy and holds on to the masculine principle of nature.

Which is more powerful, Yin Vs. Yang?

The answer to the question pretty much revolves around the situation you're in. Both Yin and Yang share a nature that restricts them from existing in solitude. With that being said, the balance between the both is more essential. When Yin appears in stronger form, Yang appears weak and vice versa.

Is Yin Yang Chinese or Japanese?

Yang and Yin are entirely based on Chinese philosophies. Although they were introduced to Japan later, their roots are from Taoism, which resides in China.


People have always found it difficult to set Yin and Yang apart. Although quite a few parameters distinguish one from the other, individuals often get confused between these two sets of energies. If you’re one of them, this article holds down to everything you need to know.

Here, we’ve talked about the elements like culture, color, mental state, representation, and more, with which you can easily place Yin and Yang in different boxes. Also, the manner in which both sit under the same roof is mentioned in a detailed manner.  


Feel free to comment and discuss about the article in the comment space below if you have any information or remarks to add. If you think we made a mistake, you can also report it there.
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About the Author: Nicolas Seignette

Nicolas Seignette, who holds a scientific baccalaureate, began his studies in mathematics and computer science applied to human and social sciences (MIASHS). He then continued his university studies with a DEUST WMI (Webmaster and Internet professions) at the University of Limoges before finishing his course with a professional license specialized in the IT professions. On 10Differences, he is in charge of the research and the writing of the articles concerning technology, sciences and mathematics.
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