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Difference Between Catholics and Evangelicals

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Christianity encompasses many diverse denominations and interpretations of the Bible. Understanding these various branches can be complex, as there are significant differences between them.

Catholics and Evangelicals, two significant branches of Christianity, hold varying beliefs, practices, and interpretations. The main difference between Catholics and Evangelicals is that Catholics view the Pope as the spiritual authority of their faith, whereas Evangelicals do not.

This article will delve further into the differences between these two branches of Christianity, exploring their beliefs on salvation, worship styles, and more.

Who Are Catholics?

Cathedral of Saint-Front, Périgueux, France

Catholics are Christians who believe in the authority of the Pope and adhere to his teachings. The term "catholic" originates from the Greek word "katholikos," meaning "universal," reflecting the Catholic Church's belief that it is the one true universal church tracing its roots to Jesus Christ and his apostles.

Central to Catholicism is the belief that salvation comes only through Jesus Christ and necessitates good works and church membership. Catholics also uphold the Seven Sacraments: baptism, eucharist, confirmation, reconciliation, anointing of the sick, holy orders, and marriage.

Who Are Evangelicals?

american evangelical church
American Evangelical Church, Phoenix, United States

Evangelicals belong to a Protestant movement that emphasizes personal conversion and the authority of the Bible. The term "evangelical" comes from the Greek word "euangelion," meaning "good news" or "gospel." The movement is known for its focus on personal faith in Jesus Christ, the authority of the Bible, and the importance of sharing these beliefs with others.

While Evangelicals trace their faith back to Jesus Christ and his apostles, they do not acknowledge the Seven Sacraments as Catholics do. Evangelicals believe that salvation is through faith in Jesus Christ alone and that anyone can access salvation by accepting Christ into their lives. They see baptism as a public declaration of one's faith, not a prerequisite for salvation.

Key Differences Between Catholics & Evangelicals

Views On Salvation

Catholics and Evangelicals hold contrasting views on salvation. For Catholics, salvation is attained through divine grace, good works, and church membership. Conversely, Evangelicals believe that salvation is achieved solely through faith in Jesus Christ, with no additional works required.

Views On Baptism

The views on baptism also differ significantly between Catholics and Evangelicals. Catholics practice infant baptism, viewing it as a sacrament that erases original sin and initiates the child into the Church's life. They believe that baptism is necessary for salvation.

Evangelicals, on the other hand, primarily practice "believer's baptism." They believe that baptism should occur only after a person has professed faith in Jesus Christ. For them, baptism is a public declaration of one's faith and not a requirement for salvation.

Worship Practices

Catholics and Evangelicals have distinct worship styles. Catholics maintain traditional liturgy, rituals, prayers, veneration of Mary and the saints, and the belief in transubstantiation, wherein the bread and wine of the Eucharist transform into Christ's body and blood.

In contrast, Evangelicals favor less formal, more spontaneous worship styles, often featuring contemporary music. They do not practice veneration of Mary and the saints or believe in transubstantiation.

Comparison Chart: Catholics Vs Evangelicals

Followers1.345 Billion619 Million
Belief In PopeYesNo
PrayersIncludes Mary & SaintsExclusively to God
Believe In SacramentsYesNo
Infant BaptismYesVaries (some do, some don't)

Similarities Between Catholics And Evangelicals

Despite their differences, there are numerous similarities between Catholics and Evangelicals. Both groups trace their faith back to Jesus Christ and his apostles, believe in the Bible as the source of religious teaching, and attend worship services regularly, typically on Sundays.

What is the difference between the Catholic and Evangelical Bible?

The Catholic and Evangelical Bibles are both key religious texts of Christianity. The Catholic Bible includes the Old Testament, the New Testament, and the Deuterocanonical books, often referred to as the Apocrypha. Conversely, the Evangelical Bible includes only the Old and New Testaments. Despite these differences, both groups regard their respective versions of the Bible as authoritative and essential for spiritual guidance.

How do Catholics and Evangelicals view the role of Mary?

Catholics venerate Mary, the mother of Jesus, as the "Mother of God" and "Queen of Heaven." They believe in her perpetual virginity and her bodily assumption into heaven. While not worshipped, Mary is regarded as an intercessor and model of faith. Evangelicals, however, respect Mary as the mother of Jesus but do not attribute any special status or role to her beyond that. They do not venerate Mary or seek her intercession.


While there are noticeable differences in the beliefs and worship practices between Catholics and Evangelicals, they share a foundational belief in Jesus Christ as Savior. Understanding these differences and similarities allows us to appreciate the diversity within Christianity. Both Catholicism and Evangelicalism are valid paths within Christianity, with the choice of adherence ultimately up to the individual.

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About the Author: Nicolas Seignette

Nicolas Seignette, who holds a scientific baccalaureate, began his studies in mathematics and computer science applied to human and social sciences (MIASHS). He then continued his university studies with a DEUST WMI (Webmaster and Internet professions) at the University of Limoges before finishing his course with a professional license specialized in the IT professions. On 10Differences, he is in charge of the research and the writing of the articles concerning technology, sciences and mathematics.
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