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Difference Between Git And Github

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The main difference between GIT and Github is the applicability. GIT is meant for controlling the versions of your source codes, while Github stores source code on a cloud server.

GIT is a command-line tool, which uses a set of commands to create magic for the source code. Using GIT allows developers to create checkpoints or milestones for better application debugging and development.

Github comes into the equation after GIT. Once the developer has written some code, it’s pushed to the GitHub using GIT commands (the most reliable way). Github then secures source code forever until deleted manually.

What Is GIT?

GIT uses some commands written in various programming languages, including C, Python, etc. GIT uses branches to facilitate developers to branch their code, just like branches in a tree. 

Furthermore, the concept of commits in GIT allows for creating milestones. Once a developer has developed a certain feature and tested it on local and production servers, the next step would be creating a commit. When something goes wrong with the next feature during development, the developer can quickly roll back to the previous commit, which works perfectly according to them.

Furthermore, GIT keeps track of commits and files under each commit locally in metadata. This metadata remains almost inaccessible by the developers despite being stored locally. However, altering and viewing GIT metadata is possible by an advanced or veteran developer only.

What Is Github?

Github is a collection of source code. The source code for different projects is identified through repositories or simply repo. For instance, creating a social media app would demand creating a repository for the same. Furthermore, when creating an e-commerce app, the same developer would require storing the code separately from the social media app in a separate repository.

Currently, Microsoft owns Github and allows limited private and unlimited public repositories per account. The public repositories are accessible globally and show up in search engine results. Moreover, as the name suggests, Github is a hub for GIT and source code.

Differences Between GIT & Github

Nature

GIT is a set of commands in a command-line tool. It has nothing to do with storing source code. Instead, it manages the source code through branches and commits and pushes the code to the repository. Using GIT for a certain project demands connecting it with a Github repo.

Github is a cloud-storage facility for source codes. It allows pulling, pushing, and forking any repository. Forking resembles cloning a certain repo so that the one forking gets notified of any changes made to it.

Operating Environment

GIT operates locally on the developer’s machine, while Github operates online on a cloud server. GIT is accessible only from a local machine, while Github is accessible through web browsers.

Interface

GIT uses CLI (Command Line Interface), and Github uses GUI (Graphical User Interface) in the form of a website. Using GIT in a GUI OS such as Windows or Mac demands accessing it through a built-in native command prompt.

Ownership

GIT is owned and managed by Linux. The prominent person in the picture of Github development was Chris Wanstrath and his team. They built the app using the Ruby on Rails framework. But they later sold it to Microsoft.

Usage

Usage is limited to source code management. GIT can help point the source code to a certain repo on any GIT-enabled source code host such as Github. The concept of Github comes into the picture after the app has entered its initial phase of development. Once the developer has written a chunk of code, they will initialize a Github repo to push the code to the server. Github’s role is restricted to the cloud server and is meant for storage only. It cannot be used to alter/add/delete files of any project except for README. Github generates a README file by default with the motive of documentation. It usually contains how to set up the project on a different machine, bug fixes, etc.

Comparison Chart: Git Vs Github

AreasGitGithub
LicenseOpen-sourceFree usage but extending private repository limits demand subscription
Release Date20052008
Desktop InterfaceGIT GUI is now available to access GIT through a desktop interfaceGithub desktop named desktop interface
RivalsMicrosoft Azure, CVS, Mercurial, and many moreAmazon Web Services (AWS), Git Lab, Git Bucket, Commit, and many more

Similitudes Between Git and Github

Both GIT and Github are meant for programmers and developers only. They intend to make programming and app development easier and more efficient. GIT and Github are compatible with most operating systems.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Github mandatory for using GIT?

GIT needs to point to a repo on the cloud server to push and pull the source code. Github is a mere choice for repo storage and can be replaced with other repo providers such as Git Lab. So, GitHub ain’t necessary for using GIT.

Why does GIT emerge to be the best?

There are several reasons for that. GIT allows committing changes locally. Therefore, in case of network issues, the developer can simply save changes to commit and leave and can push the code to the repo once back online. Moreover, creating commits is a lot faster in GIT than in other rival products.

What programming languages are used in GIT?

In a nutshell, GIT uses C, C++, TCL, Perl, and Python.

Why is GIT so difficult?

GIT sometimes proves to be difficult due to several commands. With the emergence of GUI and frameworks, the developers have switched from traditional command-line programming to drag and drop development and using frameworks for rapid application development. Memorizing all the GIT commands is complex. Moreover, in case of challenges such as branch merge, keeping the code safe becomes extremely challenging.

GIT also becomes difficult due to the use of special characters. The placement of special characters doesn’t allow unnecessary blank space.

Conclusion

By the end of this article, it’s now evident that GIT and Github are totally different concepts. While one works locally, the other one works online. They both compliment each other when it comes to developing and maintaining the source code of any project. Since Github and GIT can manage projects written in any frameworks, IDEs, programming languages, and operating systems, their global popularity isn’t a big deal.

References

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About the Author: Nicolas Seignette

Nicolas Seignette, who holds a scientific baccalaureate, began his studies in mathematics and computer science applied to human and social sciences (MIASHS). He then continued his university studies with a DEUST WMI (Webmaster and Internet professions) at the University of Limoges before finishing his course with a professional license specialized in the IT professions. On 10Differences, he is in charge of the research and the writing of the articles concerning technology, sciences and mathematics.
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